Prenatal Terminology

Anatomy

  • SI Joint

  • Pubic Symphysis

  • Pubic Symphysis Pain

  • Uterus

  • Cervix

  • Placenta

  • Amniotic Sac

  • Amniotic Fluid or Bags of Waters

  • Mucus Plug - a protective collection of mucus in the cervical canal

  • Uterine Ligaments (broad, round, uterosacral)

  • Dilation or Dilated

  • Effacement or Effaced

  • Rectis Abdominus

  • Diastasis Recti or Abdominal Separation

  • Linea Nigra- name used to describe the dark vertical line which often appears on the abdomen of pregnant women around the middle of pregnancy

  • Chloasma - temporary condition, typically caused by hormonal changes, in which large brown patches form on the skin, mainly on the face.

  • Perineum - protects the pelvic floor muscles and the blood vessels that supply the genitals and urinary tract

  • Pelvic Floor

  • Relaxin - hormone secreted by the placenta that causes the cervix to dilate and prepares the uterus for the action of oxytocin during labor

  • Umbilical Cord

  • Varicose Veins


Phenomena of Pregnancy

  • Bradley Method - emphasizes that birth is a natural process: mothers are encouraged to trust their body and focus on diet and exercise throughout pregnancy; and it teaches couples to manage labor through deep breathing and the support of a partner or labor coach

  • Braxton Hicks Contractions or warm-up - contractions, also known as prodromal or false labor pains, are contractions of the uterus that typically are not felt until the second or third trimester of the pregnancy

  • Contractions

  • EDD or Estimated Due Date, Due Date

  • Engaged

  • High Risk

  • Hypno Birthing, Hypnobabies, Hypnosis for Childbirth

  • Lightening - at the end of the third trimester, the baby settles, or drops lower, into the mother's pelvis

  • Loss

  • Low Risk

  • Prenatal

  • Prenatal Exam

  • External Manual Version - procedure used to turn a fetus from a breech position or side-lying (transverse) position into a head-down (vertex) position before labor begins

  • In Vitro

  • IUI (Intrauterine insemination) - a type of artificial insemination, a procedure for treating infertility

  • Gestational Diabetes - form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women

  • Optimal Fetal Positioning

  • Placenta Previa - when the placenta covers the opening in the mother's cervix

  • Posterior (as in fetal positioning - occiput posterior aka sunny side up)

  • PUPPP (Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy) - chronic hives-like rash that strikes some women during pregnancy

  • Two Vessel Cord or Single Umbilical Artery

  • Spotting - very light vaginal bleeding during pregnancy

  • Stretch Marks

  • Sweeping