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  • Writer's pictureCourtney Hutson

Medical Terminology

Color Terminology

  • chrom/o - Color

  • eosin/o - Rosy, Red, Dawn-Colored

  • erythr/o - Red

  • leuk/o - White

  • melan/o - Dark, Black, Melanin

 

Direction Terminology

  • a - Absent, Without, Away From

  • ab - Away From

  • ad - To, Toward

  • aniso - Unequal, Dissimilar

  • anti - Against

  • ante - Before

  • circum - Around

  • contra - Against, Counter To

  • de - Down, From

  • dis - Apart, Away From

  • dors - Back

  • e - Out, From

  • ect - Outside, Without

  • end(o) - Inside, Within

  • epi - Upon, Over, In Addition

  • extra - Beyond, Outside Of, In Addition

  • front - Front, Forehead

  • neutr/o - Neutral

  • hyper - Above, Extreme

  • hypo - Under, Below

  • infra - Beneath

  • inter - Between

  • intra - Inside

  • medi - Middle, Midline

  • para - Next to, Resembling Beside

  • per - Through

  • peri - Around

  • retro - Backward

  • sub - Under, Below

  • super - Above, In Addition

  • supra - Over, Above, Upper

  • trans - Across

  • -al ; -ar - Pertaining to an Area

 

Shape Terminology

  • dys - Abnormal, Impaired

  • allo - Differing From Normal

  • morph/o - Form, Shape

  • plas/o Formation

  • poikil/o - Irregular

  • bas/o - Base, Formation

  • macr(o) - Large, Long

  • mal - Abnormal, Bad

  • mega - Large, Extreme

  • micro(o) - Small

 

Number Terminology

  • bi - Two

  • di - Two

  • mon(o) - One, Single

  • multi - Many, Multiple

  • iso - Equal, Like

  • uni - Single, One

  • tri - Three

  • semi - Half

  • quad - Four

  • poly - Many, Much

 

Other Terminology

  • agglutin/o - Clumping, Gluing

  • blast/o - Bud, Sprout, Embryo

  • chol/e; chol/o - Bile, Gall

  • cyt - Cell

  • fibr - Fiber

  • hydr - Water

  • reticul/o - Mesh

  • spider/o - Iron

  • therm - Heat

  • xen - Foreign, Strange

  • ambi - Both

  • a ; an - Without

  • auto - Self

  • co - With, Together

  • ex - Out Of

  • hemi - Half

  • hetero - The Other

  • hom - Common, Same

  • hydro - Denoting Water

  • in - Without, Into, Not, Negative

  • narc - Stupor, Numbness

  • ne(o) - New

  • nutri - Nourish

  • post - After, Later in Time

  • pre , pro - Before in Time

  • pseudo(o) - False

  • re - Back, Again

  • syn - Together, Along With

  • -ase - Denoting an Enzyme

  • -blast - Germ, Bud

  • -cyte - Cell

  • -desis - A Binding

  • -ic - A Noun/Adjective Ending

  • -oid - Resembling

  • -phil - Attraction For

 

Condition Terminology

  • path - Pertaining to Disease

  • necr(o) - Dead

  • bio - Life

  • carcin(o) - Cancer

  • toxic - Poison

  • -algia - Painful Condition

  • -ia - A Noun Ending of a Condition

  • -ism - Condition

  • -pathic - Diseased

  • -oma - Tumor

  • -osis - Abnormal Condition

  • -plegia - Paralysis

  • -itis - Inflammation

  • -phobia - Morbid Fear Of

  • -rrhea - Profuse Flow

  • -penia - Decrease, Deficiency

 

Action Terminology

  • flex - Bend

  • -ectomy - Surgical Removal of Body Part

  • -ist - One Who Does

  • -meter - Device for Measuring

  • -ology - Study Of

  • -ostomy - Forming an Opening

  • -otomy - Incision, Cutting Into

  • -poisesis - Formation, Production

  • -scope - Examination Instrument

  • -scopy - Procedure with a Scope

  • -stasis - Stopping, Standing Still

  • -tomy - Surgical Procedure

  • -graph - White, Draw, Record

  • -gram - A Record

  • -genic - Producing, Causing







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