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  • Writer's pictureCourtney Hutson

Nervous System Disorders

Updated: Feb 17, 2022

Brain Disorders

  • Phantom Limb Phenomenon - Cerebral cortex interprets impulses arising in proximal of sensory neurons that previously carry impulse

  • Alzheimer Disease

  • Dementias

  • Epilepsy - Nerve cell activity in the brain disturbed

  • Transient Ischemic Attack - A brief stroke-like attack, despite resolving within minutes to hours - also called TIA or Mini Stroke


Brain Movement Disorders

  • Parkinson's Disease - Degeneration of area of certain nerve tissues that regulate body movements

  • Dystonia

  • Huntington's Disease

  • Ataxia

  • Tremor

  • Myoclonus and startle.

  • Tics and Tourette syndrome

  • Restless legs syndrome


Infectious Disorders

  • Encephalitis - Inflammation of the brain, often due to infection

  • Chicken Pox

  • Shingles - Reactivation of the chickenpox virus in the body, causing a painful rash - also called Herpes Zoster

  • Postherpetic Neuralgia

  • Ramsey-Hunt Syndrome

  • Sine Herpete

  • Meningitis - Inflammation of brain and spinal cord membranes, typically caused by infection

  • Polio


Mental Disorders

  • Addiction

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


  • General Anxiety

  • Panic Disorder

  • Acute Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • Social Phobia

  • Specific Phobia

Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Autistic Disorder

  • Asperger Syndrome

  • Pervasive Development Disorder

  • Rett Syndrome

  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder


  • Major Depression Disorder

  • Psychotic Depressive Disorder

  • Adjustment Disorder

  • Dysthymia

  • Bipolar Disease

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder

  • Postpartum Depression

Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia

  • Bulimia

  • Binge Eating Disorder


Chronic Degenerative Disorder

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - A disease that weakens muscles and impacts physical function - also called Lou Gehrig's Disease or ALS

  • Neuropathy - Weakness, numbness, and pain from nerve damage, usually in hands and feet

  • Paralysis - Complete or partial loss of muscle function


Other Nervous System Conditions

  • Headaches

  • Meniere Disease - An inner ear disorder that causes episodes of ringing and spinning

  • Nerve Entrapment - Soft tissue such as muscle, fascia, tendon or ligament putting pressure against nerves

  • Nerve Impingement - Bone or cartilage pressing against the nerve, bone shortening

  • Neuritis - Inflammation of a peripheral nerve or nerves, usually causing pain and loss of function

Sleep Disorders

  • Insomnia

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

  • Central Sleep Apnea

  • Narcolepsy

  • Circadian Rhythm Disruption

Vestibular Balance Disorders

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional

  • Vertigo - Sensation of spinning or movement in which the world seems to revolve around you or seems to revolve in space

  • Labyrinthitis

  • Acute Vestibular Neuritis

  • Perilymph Fistula


Nervous System Birth Defects

  • Spina Bifidia - A birth defect in which a developing spinal cord delays to develop properly - also called Split Spine

  • Cerebral Palsy


Nervous System Injuries

  • Bell Palsy - Sudden weakness in the muscles on one half of the face - also called Idiopathic Facial Paraylsis

  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

  • Femoral Nerve Injury - Dysfunction is loss of movement or sensation in the leg due to nerve damage

  • Greater Occipital Nerve Injury - Chronic pain in the upper neck, back of head and behind the eyes

  • Traumatic Brain Injury - A brain injury caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body - also called Concussion

  • Trigeminal Neuralgia - Sharp, stabbing pain in the cheek, lips, gums or chin on one side of the face, caused by the trigeminal nerve

Stroke - Blood clot or ruptured blood vessel in or around the brain, damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply

  • Ischemic Stroke

  • Cryptogenic Stroke


Nerve Injuries

  • Axillary Nerve Injury - Loss of movement or lack of sensation in the shoulder area of the body

  • Long Thoracic Nerve Injury - Shoulder condition characterized by pain and loss of shoulder movement owing to damage or injury of the thoracic nerve

  • Obturator Nerve Injury - Obturator nerve entrapped on medial side of thigh

  • Tibial Nerve Injury - Loss of movement or sensation of tibia nerve

Compressed Nerve Injuries

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - A numbness and tingling in the hand and arm caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist - also called Median Nerve Compression or CTS

  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome - Compression of the brachial plexus on one or more nerves

  • Paresthesia - Abnormal sensation, typically tingling or pricking (“pins and needles”), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves.

  • Piriformis Syndrome - Sciatic nerve compressed or irritated with pain, tingling and numbness

  • Radial Nerve Injury - Radial nerve compressed, cannot extend wrist and hand - also called Wrist Drop

  • Ulnar Nerve Injury - Compression of the ulnar nerve

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